During the Renaissance of the 15th and 16th Centuries, Western thought shook off the cobwebs of the Middle Ages.
Society began to strive for human perfection, modelled on the ideas of ancient Greece and Rome. This search for perfection led to ordered, geometric cities, gardens and buildings.
These landscapes became extremely formal and theatrical during the Baroque era of the 17th and 18th Centuries – this can be seen in the great landscape fantasy of Isola Bella in Italy.
The English landscape style, championed by Capability Brown, caught on around the world.